元青花瓷器起源 中英文介绍

元青花瓷器起源 中英文介绍

元青花瓷器初烧造多应波斯地区(西亚伊利汗国)王公贵族之需,造型、纹饰、功用皆依自彼地之风俗而定,一改宋瓷影青之纤薄小巧,隽秀素雅之风格,往往以器形巨硕雄健著称,其中大罐一类堪称代表。此件中拍国际征得的青花缠枝牡丹纹大罐为元青花大罐三大经典造型之一,其气息古朴雄浑,口沿绘以一周回纹,有别于常见的栀子花纹,肩部装饰六朵缠枝莲纹,罐身主题纹饰为六朵缠枝牡丹纹,胫部则是十瓣仰莲纹。布局繁密而有序,笔意酣畅洒脱,所绘牡丹饱满硕大,仰俯有致,风姿典雅,青花明亮妍翠。时代工艺特征鲜明,腹部内外所见接胎痕明显,内腹壁斑驳粗犷,可见一道道极不规则的慢轮修坯痕,此为元青花独特的成型工艺所致,并且有部分釉浆罩挂于胎上,流淌自然。通身内外施釉,釉色白中带青,积釉处呈现鸭蛋青色泽,是典型的元代景德镇瓷器釉色。底部涩胎,部分泛瓦红色,留有明显的垫烧粘结高岭尾砂的痕迹,为元青花装烧工艺的重要特征。

  The blue and white porcelain of the yuan dynasty was initially fired to meet the needs of the royal lords in Persia (west Asia yili khanate). Its shape, ornamentation and function were all determined according to the customs of that region. Instead of the thin, small, elegant and elegant style of the shadow green porcelain of the song dynasty, it was often famous for its huge and vigorous shape, among which the large pot was a representative.The big pot of blue and white twig peony grain collected by the international pats is one of the three classical shapes of blue and white twig peony grain. Its breath is of primitive simplicity and vigorous. The mouth is painted with a one-week echo pattern, which is different from the common gardenia pattern.Layout of dense and orderly, pen hanchang free and easy, painted peony full and large, high and low, elegance, blue and white bright yan cui.The technology features of The Times are distinct, the inner and outer abdomen of the visible tire mark, the inner abdominal wall mottles rough, can be seen a very irregular slow wheel repair blank mark, this is the unique molding process of blue and white, and some glaze slurry cover hanging on the tire, flowing naturally.It is a typical porcelain glaze color of jingdezhen in the yuan dynasty.The bottom of the astringent tire, part of the shingle red, with obvious mat burning bonding gaoling tailing traces, for the yuan blue and white firing process is an important feature.

  元末青花上开始使用,釉层乳浊,用国产青料,多小型器,以高足杯、碗、钵、小罐类居多,这些器物的外圈往往留下浸釉时手抓留下的指痕。元青花除玉壶春瓶器物外,底部一般无釉。底部露胎的有大小,形状不一的釉斑。高足杯的高足内侧近底处有一圈宽窄不等的釉痕。梅瓶等细身类瓶内侧口沿下素胎。大罐内壁以荡釉法施釉。器盖内侧素胎,浅土黄色,见细微釉斑。元青花器体釉面基本较平,大型琢器在胎体的粘结处釉面微微凸起,器里口部釉厚薄不匀,釉薄处显米黄色。从残器看,瓶的颈部以下器腹内无釉,瓶、罐的底部或高足杯、碗的足内常见一块块的釉斑,每块釉斑周围或足边及缩釉处都呈现出浅色的火石红边线。器物口边有的有毛边现象(即小气泡破裂状)。器表有的釉面有缩釉现象,不严重,属于少数现象。釉面手感温润如玉,光感柔和不刺目,如过于光亮或有较强的光亮点,则值得考虑。

  At the end of the yuan dynasty, blue and white flowers began to use, glaze layer opacification, with domestic green materials, more small vessels, in order to tall foot cup, bowl, pot, small pot category is the majority, the outer ring of these objects often leave the finger marks left by hand when soaking glaze.Yuan blue and white vase in addition to the jade pot spring vase, the bottom is generally unglazed.Exposed at the base are glaze spots of varying sizes and shapes.The inside of the tall foot cup near the base of the tall foot has a circle of glaze marks with different widths and widths.Plum flask and other thin body like flask inside the mouth along the bottom of the placenta.The inner wall of the large pot is glazed by swing glazing.The inner surface of the cover is plain with light yellowish yellow color and slight glaze spots.Yuan blue and white glaze is basically flat, large cut in the bonding of the tire body glaze slightly convex, the mouth of the glaze thickness is not uniform, thin glaze beige.According to the residual vessel, there is no glaze in the abdomen below the neck of the vessel. Glaze spots are common in the bottom of the bottle or the foot of the high-footed cup or bowl. Around each glaze spot or at the foot edge and the shrink glaze, there are light flint red objects have rough edges at the mouth (that is, small bubbles burst).Some glaze surface shrinkage glaze phenomenon, not serious, belong to a few phenomena.Glaze feels lukewarm embellish is like jade, smooth feeling is downy not dazzling, if too bright or have stronger brightness point, deserve to consider.

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